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The Practical Side of Heaven by William C. Kiefert

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Tag Archives: Plato

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Eleven: Humanity Has More Than One Nature

Chapter Two, Part Eleven: Humanity Has More Than One Nature

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

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Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Human beings, then, are essentially different. They differ in their types, as Jung and others would assert, or in their natures, as Gnostic Christians would maintain. Human nature cannot be defined by a single form, as Plato thought. Humanity consists of many forms or natures.

In effect, our knowledge of the world has led us, arguably, to go beyond Plato’s theory that a single nature alone is adequate to appropriately describe a given class. Some things, like light, time, subatomic phenomena, and human nature have more than one nature which correctly describes the class. In going beyond the metaphysics of Plato, we also go beyond the logic of Aristotle, which is no longer reasonable in every case!

Note: Unlike scientific arguments, which objectively demonstrate that some classes have more than one nature, Jesus’ argument that humanity has more than one nature is not demonstrable. We must not overlook the fact, however, that the common opinion that there is but one human nature is also not demonstrable. Therefore, if anyone is to prove that humanity has only one nature, they would have to present an objective argument to demonstrate their claim, and no one, including Plato, has.

My point is that, until someone can turn human nature into an object we can analyze, we cannot take Plato’s theory as a fact. There are many arguments that humanity has more than one nature, some of which I have illustrated above. But none that I know of argue that humanity has but one nature. The truth of Plato’s Theory of Noncontradiction and Theory of Forms, and ultimately that judgmental logic is sufficient in all cases, wait for confirming arguments from those who believe that all humanity has one nature.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Ten: Does Humanity Have More Than One Nature?

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

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Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Two, Part Ten: Does Humanity Have More Than One Nature?

I will take time here to argue that humanity is a class that has more than one nature. It is important to do this because later we will see that Jesus used this same argument to justify nonjudgmental logic. The point is that Jesus’ system of nonjudgmental logic is based on the credibility that some classes—namely humanity—have more than one nature. This makes nonjudgmental logic not only desirable, but a logical necessity. Think about it. How could anyone prove that humanity has but one nature? Human nature is a subjective concept, not an object that can be analyzed.

Plato wrote in the Republic that “we are accustomed to posit a single form for each group of many things to which we give the same name.” This implies that human beings share a single nature. We want to challenge this assumption. Later we will see that this same challenge justifies Jesus’ logic teachings.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Nine: Four Reasons Why An Additional System of Logical Laws is Required

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Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

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Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Two, Part Nine: Four Reasons Why An Additional System of Logical Laws is Required

In opposition to those who would claim that the findings of the new sciences do not bring to mind any object or idea that cannot be understood in the context/consciousness of traditional logic, I offer the following.

First, let me argue that Plato never intended his theory of contradiction to be used as a standard of logic.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Eight: The Three “Basic” Laws of Logic and How They Affect Reasoning

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Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

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Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Two, Part Eight: The Three “Basic” Laws of Logic and How They Affect Reasoning

The three basic laws of logic are:
. The Law of Identity.
. The Law of Non-Contradiction.
. The Law of Excluded Middle.

The law of identity institutionalizes the prevailing theory of nature stating that every member of a class, say class X, has the same nature as every other member of that class. From this we can conclude that every member of that class is, by nature, X, and only X. In symbolic terms, this simply means that X is X.

As obvious as X is X may appear, its consequences are not. The law of identity justifies generalizations, and therefore, the concept that reasoning in terms of absolutes and certainty is logical. If everyone agrees that X is X and only X, it is reasonable to generalize, and be absolutely certain, that every X is X.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Seven: What is the Assumption Upon Which Logic Rests?

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Chapter Two, Part Seven: What is the Assumption Upon Which Logic Rests?

Many consider Plato’s Theory of Noncontradiction, “the axiom [or basic assumption beneath] … all logic” ; namely “the same thing clearly cannot act or be acted upon in the same part or in the same relation to the same thing at the same time, in contrary ways: and therefore whenever this contradiction occurs in things apparently the same, we know that they are really not the same but different.”

Plato’s theory seems self-evident, but shortly we will see that it is not.

Paul’s Five Stage Model In the Development of Rational Consciousness by William C. Kiefert

The Practical Side of Heaven

The Practical Side of Heaven


Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Originally written on July 30, 2003.

The idea of stages in consciousness has existed since antiquity. Hindu models begin with the householder stage and end with Moksha. The Buddha teaches the five noble truths. Islam teaches the five Nafs. And today, Abraham Maslow, Teithard deChardin, Joseph Campbell, and many other psychologists teach what are, in principle, similar models.

Unlike others who base stages of consciousness on historical, spiritual, or moral development, St. Paul alone bases his model on rational development. Paul knew that everything is one. He, therefore, understood that what we call spiritual or heart-felt thoughts are what we could today call undeveloped nonjudgmental rational thoughts. Understanding the modern theory of reality is the key to Stage IV in Paul’s five stage model of rational consciousness because it justifies a nonjudgmental system of logical laws, and in turn, nonjudgmental reasoning and a consciousness of oneness.

Bridging Science and Religion in Three Steps by William C. Kiefert

The Practical Side of Heaven

The Practical Side of Heaven


Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Originally written on April 24, 2002.

Just as waves and particles are different dimensions of light, science and religion are different dimensions of one reality. To construct a bridge between science and religion, we must FIRST recognize that we cannot logically understand both within the same system of logical laws any more than we can understand waves in terms we use to explain particles.