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The Practical Side of Heaven by William C. Kiefert

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Tag Archives: Plato

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Eight: The Three “Basic” Laws of Logic and How They Affect Reasoning

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

Learn more about The Practical Side of Heaven

Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Two, Part Eight: The Three “Basic” Laws of Logic and How They Affect Reasoning

The three basic laws of logic are:
. The Law of Identity.
. The Law of Non-Contradiction.
. The Law of Excluded Middle.

The law of identity institutionalizes the prevailing theory of nature stating that every member of a class, say class X, has the same nature as every other member of that class. From this we can conclude that every member of that class is, by nature, X, and only X. In symbolic terms, this simply means that X is X.

As obvious as X is X may appear, its consequences are not. The law of identity justifies generalizations, and therefore, the concept that reasoning in terms of absolutes and certainty is logical. If everyone agrees that X is X and only X, it is reasonable to generalize, and be absolutely certain, that every X is X.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Seven: What is the Assumption Upon Which Logic Rests?

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

Cover: The Practical Side of Heaven

Learn more about The Practical Side of Heaven

Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Two, Part Seven: What is the Assumption Upon Which Logic Rests?

Many consider Plato’s Theory of Noncontradiction, “the axiom [or basic assumption beneath] … all logic” ; namely “the same thing clearly cannot act or be acted upon in the same part or in the same relation to the same thing at the same time, in contrary ways: and therefore whenever this contradiction occurs in things apparently the same, we know that they are really not the same but different.”

Plato’s theory seems self-evident, but shortly we will see that it is not.

Paul’s Five Stage Model In the Development of Rational Consciousness by William C. Kiefert

The Practical Side of Heaven

The Practical Side of Heaven


Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Originally written on July 30, 2003.

The idea of stages in consciousness has existed since antiquity. Hindu models begin with the householder stage and end with Moksha. The Buddha teaches the five noble truths. Islam teaches the five Nafs. And today, Abraham Maslow, Teithard deChardin, Joseph Campbell, and many other psychologists teach what are, in principle, similar models.

Unlike others who base stages of consciousness on historical, spiritual, or moral development, St. Paul alone bases his model on rational development. Paul knew that everything is one. He, therefore, understood that what we call spiritual or heart-felt thoughts are what we could today call undeveloped nonjudgmental rational thoughts. Understanding the modern theory of reality is the key to Stage IV in Paul’s five stage model of rational consciousness because it justifies a nonjudgmental system of logical laws, and in turn, nonjudgmental reasoning and a consciousness of oneness.

Bridging Science and Religion in Three Steps by William C. Kiefert

The Practical Side of Heaven

The Practical Side of Heaven


Copyright William C. Kiefert. All Rights Reserved.

Originally written on April 24, 2002.

Just as waves and particles are different dimensions of light, science and religion are different dimensions of one reality. To construct a bridge between science and religion, we must FIRST recognize that we cannot logically understand both within the same system of logical laws any more than we can understand waves in terms we use to explain particles.