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The Practical Side of Heaven by William C. Kiefert

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The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Twelve: Can Civilization Survive Another Three Thousand Years of Judgmental Logic?

Chapter Two, Part Twelve: Can Civilization Survive Another Three Thousand Years of Judgmental Logic?

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Judgmental laws of logic are at work in our everyday lives on a scale that dwarfs the effects of even laws of mathematics. The effects of mathematical laws, for example, are in most every manmade product, from the family car to the ink used to print these words. Our laws of logic, however, act as the standards for what we think is reasonable or pure nonsense, morally, socially, sexually, politically, economically, and even mathematically. Without laws of logic, civilization would not exist.

Philosopher Francis Bacon and many others, however, have recognized that our present laws of logic are judgmental and can, therefore, harm rather than help us.

“The logic now in use serves rather to fix and give stability to the errors which have their foundation in commonly received notions, than to help to search out the truth. So it does more harm than good.”

The new sciences have also revealed that our logic cannot describe certain natural phenomena. To understand all the facts of nature, we need, as scientist Wolfgang Pauli said, a “new conception of reality,” one which accepts the “irrationality of rationality.” Or, as I would say, a new conception of reality not limited to traditional laws of logic.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Eleven: Humanity Has More Than One Nature

Chapter Two, Part Eleven: Humanity Has More Than One Nature

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Human beings, then, are essentially different. They differ in their types, as Jung and others would assert, or in their natures, as Gnostic Christians would maintain. Human nature cannot be defined by a single form, as Plato thought. Humanity consists of many forms or natures.

In effect, our knowledge of the world has led us, arguably, to go beyond Plato’s theory that a single nature alone is adequate to appropriately describe a given class. Some things, like light, time, subatomic phenomena, and human nature have more than one nature which correctly describes the class. In going beyond the metaphysics of Plato, we also go beyond the logic of Aristotle, which is no longer reasonable in every case!

Note: Unlike scientific arguments, which objectively demonstrate that some classes have more than one nature, Jesus’ argument that humanity has more than one nature is not demonstrable. We must not overlook the fact, however, that the common opinion that there is but one human nature is also not demonstrable. Therefore, if anyone is to prove that humanity has only one nature, they would have to present an objective argument to demonstrate their claim, and no one, including Plato, has.

My point is that, until someone can turn human nature into an object we can analyze, we cannot take Plato’s theory as a fact. There are many arguments that humanity has more than one nature, some of which I have illustrated above. But none that I know of argue that humanity has but one nature. The truth of Plato’s Theory of Noncontradiction and Theory of Forms, and ultimately that judgmental logic is sufficient in all cases, wait for confirming arguments from those who believe that all humanity has one nature.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Ten: Does Humanity Have More Than One Nature?

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Chapter Two, Part Ten: Does Humanity Have More Than One Nature?

I will take time here to argue that humanity is a class that has more than one nature. It is important to do this because later we will see that Jesus used this same argument to justify nonjudgmental logic. The point is that Jesus’ system of nonjudgmental logic is based on the credibility that some classes—namely humanity—have more than one nature. This makes nonjudgmental logic not only desirable, but a logical necessity. Think about it. How could anyone prove that humanity has but one nature? Human nature is a subjective concept, not an object that can be analyzed.

Plato wrote in the Republic that “we are accustomed to posit a single form for each group of many things to which we give the same name.” This implies that human beings share a single nature. We want to challenge this assumption. Later we will see that this same challenge justifies Jesus’ logic teachings.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Nine: Four Reasons Why An Additional System of Logical Laws is Required

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Chapter Two, Part Nine: Four Reasons Why An Additional System of Logical Laws is Required

In opposition to those who would claim that the findings of the new sciences do not bring to mind any object or idea that cannot be understood in the context/consciousness of traditional logic, I offer the following.

First, let me argue that Plato never intended his theory of contradiction to be used as a standard of logic.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Eight: The Three “Basic” Laws of Logic and How They Affect Reasoning

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Chapter Two, Part Eight: The Three “Basic” Laws of Logic and How They Affect Reasoning

The three basic laws of logic are:
. The Law of Identity.
. The Law of Non-Contradiction.
. The Law of Excluded Middle.

The law of identity institutionalizes the prevailing theory of nature stating that every member of a class, say class X, has the same nature as every other member of that class. From this we can conclude that every member of that class is, by nature, X, and only X. In symbolic terms, this simply means that X is X.

As obvious as X is X may appear, its consequences are not. The law of identity justifies generalizations, and therefore, the concept that reasoning in terms of absolutes and certainty is logical. If everyone agrees that X is X and only X, it is reasonable to generalize, and be absolutely certain, that every X is X.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Seven: What is the Assumption Upon Which Logic Rests?

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Chapter Two, Part Seven: What is the Assumption Upon Which Logic Rests?

Many consider Plato’s Theory of Noncontradiction, “the axiom [or basic assumption beneath] … all logic” ; namely “the same thing clearly cannot act or be acted upon in the same part or in the same relation to the same thing at the same time, in contrary ways: and therefore whenever this contradiction occurs in things apparently the same, we know that they are really not the same but different.”

Plato’s theory seems self-evident, but shortly we will see that it is not.

Introduction to Bnei Baruch, Rav Michael Laitman and Kaballah.info

Kabbalah.info is the largest source of authentic Kabbalah wisdom available on the internet. It provides more than one million unique visitors per month with an encyclopedic variety of authentic Kabbalah content in 26 languages. Over seventy percent of the traffic originates in the US and Canada.

Rav Michael Laitman, Professor of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, PhD in Philosophy and Kabbalah, and MSc in Medical Bio-Cybernetics, established Bnei Baruch in 1991, following the passing of his teacher, Rav Baruch Shalom HaLevi Ashlag (The Rabash). Rav Laitman

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Six: Traditional Logic and its Fallacies

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Chapter Two, Part Six: Traditional Logic and its Fallacies

We are not born with culture, we create it. We have not found solutions for problems that have haunted civilization since its birth because we have looked for those solutions in the same consciousness which created the problems. To solve our problems, we need to be conscious of them in truly new ways.

There have been those thinkers who have argued that our judgmental way of reasoning is a major cause of our moral crisis. Some critics have gone even further and pointed out that judgmental reasoning is the consequence of the character of the laws of the very logic we use in our thinking. Just as mathematical laws determine mathematical answers, so too, do laws of logic determine what we take to be reasonable answers. Let us see how our laws of logic lie at the root of our moral crisis by first examining what justifies them.

The Practical Side of Heaven: Chapter Two, Part Five: The Need for a New Logic

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Chapter Two, Part Five: The Need for a New Logic

We need for the world to be different. We cannot go on as we have been. Reasoning which divides the world into opposing camps leads to hatred and fighting throughout the world, from internal conflicts between religious groups, as in Ireland and Bosnia, to tribal genocide in Rwanda. The attitude of us-versus-them is responsible for bombing in the streets and airports, the downing of airplanes, and the killing and injuring of people at the Olympics. 911 is also the consequence of this reasoning, and so is our response to it. Whether it be crime in our streets or war between nations, we cannot continue down this path to destruction. Social conditions may be approaching a critical threshold.

Meta-Intelligence: A guided tour with Peter Diamandis

PeterDiamandis

In this landmark TEDx talk published in 2017, Peter Diamandis discusses the human-scale transformation driving our evolutionary next step into “Meta-Intelligence.” In our highly connected future – we will more easily share thoughts, knowledge and actions. Peter explains the four driving forces and four steps transforming humanity.

Named one of the world’s 50 greatest leaders by Fortune Magazine in 2014, Peter is the founder and executive chairman of the XPRIZE Foundation, which leads the world in designing and operating large-scale incentive competitions.